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Sep 5, 2023

The 12 Largest Cannabis Companies in 2023

By Team Stash
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The cannabis industry is booming across the U.S. and Canada. Recreational and medical cannabis products, from oils, edibles, and prerolls to vapes, skincare products, and more, are now part of a multi-billion dollar industry, and investors are taking notice. According to Grandview Research, the global legal cannabis market is expected to grow at a compound annual rate of 30% from 2023 to 2030, reaching $226.09 billion by 2030. 

Several celebrities have given a public face to the cannabis industry with business ventures and branded cannabis products. As the use of cannabis is increasingly destigmatized and decriminalized, marijuana stocks are looking like a legitimate investment to many people. But they’re also subject to market volatility due to ongoing changes to the legal landscape.

Curious about what kind of companies are out there? Here’s the lowdown on twelve of the largest cannabis companies by market capitalization in North America. 

In this article, we’ll cover:

Top cannabis companies in the U.S.

Although cannabis consumption is not yet legal on a federal level in the U.S. the last few years have seen a rise in legalization at the state level. Recreational cannabis has been legalized in 21 states and three territories as of December 2022. Several other states and territories allow the sale and consumption of medical cannabis as part of the healthcare sector. Consumers have responded with enthusiasm to this growing industry. Market capitalization for the top cannabis companies in the U.S. currently ranges from $170 million to $2.34 billion dollars. 

 U.S. cannabis companies by market cap (as of July 2023):

  1. Curaleaf 
  2. Innovative Industrial
  3. Green Thumb Industries 
  4. Verano Holdings 
  5. Trulieve Cannabis 
  6. Cresco Labs

1. Curaleaf (CURLF)

Curaleaf operates in 19 states, with 28 cultivation sites, 152 retail locations, and 1,005 wholesale partner accounts nationwide. The company prides itself on its deep commitment to bettering communities across the U.S. with initiatives that address the collateral consequences associated with marijuana-related offenses. At the beginning of 2023, the company announced its plans to close operations in California, Colorado, and Oregon in an aggressive effort to cut costs. In early July, Curaleaf lays off 49 workers at its Winslow, New Jersey facility as they scale back production.

  • Market cap: $2.34 billion
  • Headquarters: Wakefield, MA 
  • Founded: 2010
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational

2. Innovative Industrial (IIPR)

While not a cannabis operator themself, Innovative Industrial is the first and only real estate investment trust (REIT) on the New York Stock Exchange focused on the legal cannabis industry. Operating in 19 states with 110 properties, the company owns, manages, and leases industrial facilities and some retail spaces to state-licensed cannabis operators.

  • Market cap: $2.18 billion
  • Headquarters: San Diego, CA
  • Founded: 2016
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational

3. Green Thumb Industries (GTIL.CN)

Green Thumb Industries owns and operates 79 dispensary locations under various names across 15 U.S. states, plus a suite of six cannabis brands. Each brand is designed to appeal to distinct types of cannabis consumers, from casual to sophisticated to supporters of nonprofits dedicated to creating real, sustained progress against the War on Drugs. In July 2023, Green Thumb was handed a lawsuit by Cresco Labs alleging they poached a top-level employee while being fully aware of an existing noncompete clause. Green Thumb has denied this allegation.

  • Market cap: $1.57 billion
  • Headquarters: Chicago, IL
  • Founded: 2014
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational

4. Verano Holdings (VRNOF)

Verano Holdings offers products under several brand names at 129 retail locations across 14 states. The company focuses on cultivating signature strains for both medical and recreational products. Like many others in the cannabis industry, the company dedicates resources to social justice causes like LGBTQ equity and financial aid for those serving prison time for cannabis-related offenses.

  • Market cap: $0.91 billion
  • Headquarters: Chicago, IL
  • Founded: 2014
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational

5. Trulieve Cannabis (TRUL.CN)

Founded in 1990 as Hackney Nursery, Trulieve emerged as a medically-focused low-THC/CBD cannabis company. The company owns and operates dispensaries and processing facilities in nine states. Trulieve and its CEO, Kim Rivers, have been under scrutiny following the death of an employee at a Massachusetts processing facility amidst worker efforts to unionize at the firm’s four locations there. On June 1st, 2023, Trulieve announced the closing of Massachusetts locations a the end of June along with plans to end operations in the state entirely by the end of 2023.

  • Market cap: $0.74 billion
  • Headquarters: Quincy, FL
  • Founded: 2016
  • Cannabis products: Medical

6. Cresco Labs (CRLBF)

Cresco Labs and its associated brands market themselves as a sophisticated choice for the everyday cannabis user. July 2023 has been a particularly active month for Cresco Labs. On July 19th, Cresco Lab filed a suit against Green Thumb Industries, accusing them of poaching a former chemist of theirs who co-invented a unique process to extract cannabis oil. The former high-level employee would be in violation of a noncompete clause, but Green Thumb denies the allegations. The following day, Cresco Labs announced an expanded partnership with Wiz Khalifa’s brand Khalifa Kush to exclusively cultivate, manufacture and distribute the brand in Massachusetts.

  • Market cap: $0.48 billion 
  • Headquarters: Chicago, IL
  • Founded: 2013
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational
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Top cannabis companies in Canada

Canada’s federal Cannabis Act of 2018 made medical and recreational marijuana usage legal across Canada for adults 18 and older. Since that time, the industry has grown rapidly nationwide. Market cap for the top cannabis companies in Canada ranges from $190 million to $1.14 billion. 

Canadian cannabis companies by market cap (as of July 2023):

  1. Tilray
  2. Cronos Group
  3. TerrAscend
  4. Sundial Growers
  5. Canopy Growth
  6. Aurora Cannabis

1. Tilray (TLRY)

Tilray supplies medical cannabis products to patients, physicians, hospitals, pharmacies, researchers, and governments in over 20 countries and across five continents under various brand names. The company recently launched a new platform to help destigmatize the use of medical marijuana in women’s healthcare. On April 10th, Tilray announced their agreement to acquire HEXO, a Canadian competitor.

  • Market cap: $1.35 billion
  • Headquarters: Nanaimo, British Columbia
  • Founded: 2013
  • Cannabis products: Medical

2. Cronos Group (CRON)

Cronos Group offers a wide variety of THC and CBD products under five brand names. The company has adopted a marketing code of conduct, promising transparency and age-appropriate marketing of recreational cannabis products.

  • Market cap: $0.68 billion
  • Headquarters: Toronto, Ontario
  • Founded: 2012
  • Cannabis products: Recreational

3. TerrAscend (TRSSF)

Although the company’s headquarters are located in Canada, TerrAscend maintains several large cultivation facilities in five U.S. states. Their diverse brand and product portfolio includes oils, vapes, edibles, and high-quality dried flower. The company announced a partnership earlier this year with international cannabis brand, Cookies, to cultivate and manufacture their products and flavors in Maryland for in-state patients and future adult use. To further prepare for Maryland’s upcoming recreational sales, TerrAscend announced plans to acquire its second cannabis retail shop on June 8th, 2023. As one of the states to legalize marijuana in 2022, adult-use sales in Maryland began on July 1st, 2023. 

  • Market cap: $0.60 billion
  • Headquarters: Mississauga, Ontario
  • Founded: 2017
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational

4. Sundial Growers (SNDL)

In addition to its cannabis retail banners and brands, Sundial operates three popular liquor retail banners with more than 160 locations across Alberta and British Columbia. The company is committed to “driving regulated product excellence” and offers an extensive array of recreational cannabis products.

  • Market cap: $0.38 billion
  • Headquarters: Calgary, Alberta
  • Founded: 2006
  • Cannabis products: Recreational

5. Canopy Growth (CGC)

Canopy Growth operates internationally under more than 20 brand names. Products range from vapes and prerolls to skin care products, edibles, infused beverages, Martha Stewart’s line of CBD products, and more.

  • Market cap: $0.30 billion
  • Headquarters: Smith Falls, Ontario
  • Founded: 2014
  • Cannabis products: Recreational

6. Aurora Cannabis (ACB)

Between its four medical and six recreational cannabis brands, Aurora’s global footprint covers 25 countries across five continents. Aurora’s recreational Greybeard brand won KIND Magazine’s “Best Diamonds of the Year” Award in December 2022, and its medical offerings are expanding rapidly. On April 12th, Aurora and partner, MedReleaf Australia announced the launch of a new range of higher THC dried cannabis for qualified patients, giving doctors more options to prescribe their medical cannabis patients.

  • Market cap: $0.17 billion
  • Headquarters: Edmonton, Alberta
  • Founded: 2006
  • Cannabis products: Medical and recreational

What to consider when researching cannabis stocks

Investing in marijuana stocks isn’t for everyone. The legal cannabis industry can present a higher potential for risk due to its volatility and the ever-changing regulatory landscape. But if, like many investors, you’re interested in cannabis investing, do your research just as you would when considering an investment in any other sector. First, gain an understanding of the different types of companies and cannabis products they offer. Investigate each company’s management team, growth history, and financial statements. Make yourself aware of the risks, both legally and financially, and ensure that you’re ready and willing to take those risks.

When it comes to investing in the cannabis industry, the possibilities are wide open, from investing directly in marijuana stocks to buying shares of companies that offer related products and services. If you’re ready to add cannabis company stocks to your diversified portfolio, Stash has you covered with cannabis industry investing options.

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Written by

Team Stash

Stash does not endorse the use of illegal narcotics.


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